Angular Momentum Solution (Hydrogen Atom) | Quantum Science Philippines

## Angular Momentum Solution (Hydrogen Atom)

a. ) Show that $\big[-l(l+1)+s(s+1)\big]C_{0}=0$.

Solution:

To obtain a solution to the equation derived in Problem (2), we assume a power series solution of the form: $Y_{k,l}=\rho ^{s}\sum_{q}^{\infty}C_{q}\rho ^{q}=\sum_{q}^{\infty}C_{q}\rho ^{s+q}$ .

Then $\frac{d}{d\rho}Y_{k,l}=\sum_{q}^{\infty}(q+s)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-1}$ and $\frac{d^{2}}{d\rho^{2}}Y_{k,l}=\sum_{q}^{\infty}(q+s)(q+s-1)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2}$

Substituting this to the equation solved in (2), we have $\sum_{q}^{\infty}(q+s)(q+s-1)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2}-2\lambda_{k,l}\sum_{q}^{\infty}(q+s)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-1} + 2\sum_{q}^{\infty}C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-1}-\sum_{q}^{\infty} l(l+1) C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2} = 0$ $\big[s(s-1)-l(l+1)\big]C_{0}\rho ^{s-2} \big[s(s+1)C_{1}-2\lambda_{k,l} s C_{0} + 2C_{0}-l(l+1)C_{1}\big]\rho ^{s-1} + \sum_{q=2}^{\infty}(q+s)(q+s-1)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2}-\sum_{q=1}^{\infty}(q+s)\rho ^{s+q-1}C_{q} + \sum_{q=1}^{\infty}2C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-1}- \sum_{q=2}^{\infty}l(l+1)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2}=0$

Since $\rho$ is linearly independent from all the rest, then each coefficient is equal to zero. That is, $\big[s(s+1) - l(l+1)\big] C_{0}=0$.

b.) Show that $\big[q(q+2l+1)\big]C_{q}=2\big[(q+1)\lambda_{k,l}-1\big]C_{q-1}$.

Solution:

Since each coefficient is equal to zero, we find the coefficient of “ $\rho ^{q+s-2}$ from the equation in Prob. (3). That is, $\sum_{q}^{\infty}(q+s)(q+s-1)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2}-2\lambda_{k,l}\sum_{q}^{\infty}(q+s)C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-1} + 2\sum_{q}^{\infty}C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-1}-\sum_{q}^{\infty} l(l+1) C_{q}\rho ^{s+q-2} = 0$

Changing $q\rightarrow q-1$: $\sum_{q=2}^{\infty}\bigg[(q+s)(q+s-1)C_{q}-2\lambda_{k,l}(q+s-1)C_{q-1} + 2C_{q-1} - l(l+1)C_{q}\bigg]\rho ^{q+s-2}$ $\bigg[(q+s)(q+s-1)-l(l+1)\bigg]C_{q} -\bigg[ 2\lambda_{k,l}(q+s-1) - 2\bigg] C_{q-1}=0$.

Now, taking $s=l+1$, we have $\bigg[(q+l+1)(q+l)-l(l+1)\bigg]C_{q} = \bigg[ 2\lambda_{k,l}(q+1) - 2\bigg] C_{q-1}$

Finally, $\bigg[q(q+2l+1)\bigg]C_{q} = 2\bigg[ \lambda_{k,l}(q+1) - 1\bigg] C_{q-1}$.